A bunion forms when your big toe pushes against your next toe, causing a bony bump to from on the joint of your toe. This may cause the bunion skin to be red and sore.
Bunions can also be caused by tight, narrow shoes, an inherited structural defect, stress on your foot, or a medical condition.
The signs and symptoms of a bunion include:
- A bulging bump on the outside of the base of your big toe
- Swelling, redness or soreness around your big toe joint
- Thickening of the skin at the base of your big toe
- Corns or calluses — these often develop where the first and second toes overlap
- Persistent or intermittent pain
- Restricted movement of your big toe
Non- Invasive Treatments from Dr. Sean Lazarus:
- Using bunion pads, arch supports, or custom-made supports (orthotics). They can help redistribute your weight while you are walking and take pressure off your big toe. Ask your doctor to help you choose the right kind of pads.
- Using moleskin or felt patches over or around pressure areas, to protect the bunion from being rubbed by your shoes.
- Taking nonprescription medicine to relieve pain and reduce swelling. Examples include acetaminophen (such as Tylenol) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen or aspirin. Talk to your doctor about which pain reliever is best for you.
- Using ice to relieve pain and reduce swelling. Apply ice to the joint for 10 to 20 minutes at a time. Put a thin cloth between the ice and your skin. Elevate your foot so that your toe is higher than your heart.
- Physical therapy, splints, or braces have not been proved to successfully treat bunions. But these treatments may be helpful for some people.
- Dr. Lazarus will refer you to a surgeon only when necessary
-Consult with Dr. Lazarus on the best course of treatment for you.